High Commissioner Canada to Kenya David Angell
Canada leading country in extractives with its companies accounting approximately 31% of global exploration expenditure and 50% of capital raised globally in mining industry through the Toronto securities exchange.
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) mandatory for Canadian companies in extractives sector as the country has an existing CSR strategy with newly updated benchmarks.
Countries must ensure their policies enable a triple benefit for host country, Exploration Company and the local communities.
CSR must be totally voluntary and not based on legal requirements such as petroleum sharing contracts
No development from the extractives sector whether economic, social or democratic is possible without women participation
Cabinet Secretary Mining Dan Kazungu
Kenyan government has a target to see mining sector contribute over 10% of GDP in the next 15 years.
Enactment of Mining Act expected in the next one month empowering especially artisanal miners who include women. The Act provides for division of royalties among National Government 70%, County Governments 20% and Communities 10%.
A thorough strategic outlook of mining sector complete undertaken by his ministry and Mackenzie who were consultants.
Kenya cannot achieve its set targets without participation of women. To this end structural and operational measures to ensure women and youth participation being put in place.
Ministry of Mining has appointed a gender officer to handle gender issues, also working with UN Women to ensure women inclusiveness.
Africa has progressed from CSR to local content and community participation frameworks
Faith Kasiva – UN Women
Extractive sector a catalyst to women economic empowerment
UN Women has formulated guidelines on how to integrate women into extractive sector by mitigating social and cultural discrimination, ensuring investment in professional skills, proper communication of information to communication among others.
Women must be involved in extractives from word go starting from exploration stage
Need for companies involved extractives to expedite in a community liasion unit
Companies and government to roll out fact based dialogue with community
Companies increasingly using CSR to mitigate negative response from communities
Guidelines on how companies can mainstream gender equity:
External and internal policies
Encourage women in hiring
Protect women through zero tolerance to harassment
Provision of flexible and supportive procurement process
Civil society tasked with promoting a human based approach in sector.
Civil Society should also:
ensure governance and accountability among governments,
be key partners in identifying problems facing sector by asking ‘difficult problems’
Must ensure they are ‘fit’ for purpose by enhancing their knowledge of workings in sector
Hon Amina Abdalla – Chair, Natural Resources Committee
Parliament passed first mining bill in seventy years awaiting assent
Royalty share allocated to communities must translate to development inclusive of women
Mineral rights advisory board and county mineral rights advisory boards constituted in the new Mining Bill must ensure training is not left to companies
Issues of land such as acquisition and compensation have been included in Mining Bill
Counties must rethink taxes that sometimes scare away investors especially in mining
Emily Nunn – Expert in Canadian CSR
Why companies invest in community relationships
Compliance with laws and regulations
Managng non-technical risk
$3-5 million per day for mining companies
$10000 – $50000 a day during exploration
Drivers of CSR: Market Access, streamlining of supply chains, stakeholder activism
Challenges: Low level of awareness, adhoc in nature, no standards or policy frameworks.